Microbiology and Molecular Genetics Michigan State University

2215 Biomedical Physical Sciences East Lansing, MI 48824-4320

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Chair: 517-884-5292

Fax: 517-353-8957

Manning Shannon

Shannon Manning, MPH, PhD

    Assistant Professor

    M.P.H. (1998) Hospital and Molecular Epidemiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich.
    Ph.D. (2001) Epidemiologic Science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich.

    Postdoctoral studies

    Emerging Infectious Disease Fellowship CDC/APHL 2001-2004

    University of Michigan, 2001-2002

    Michigan State University, 2004-2010


    190 Food Safety & Toxicology Building
    Michigan State University
    East Lansing, MI 48824

    Phone:  517-884-2033

    Microbiology Site
    East Lansing , Michigan , 48823 United States

    My laboratory studies the molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics of infectious diseases, namely those caused by diarrheagenic Escherichia coli and Streptococcus agalactiae.  More specifically, we apply molecular biology, population genetic, and evolutionary methods to answer questions about pathogenesis, emergence, virulence, evolution, and transmission of pathogens in human and animal populations.  Our preliminary studies of both Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) O157:H7 and S. agalactiae are similar in that the phylogenetic analysis of genotyping data and the subsequent epidemiological analysis identified specific clonal complexes to be more important for disease.  Several research projects are associated with these key findings that aim to enhance our understanding of how genetic variation impacts clinical illness.  Additional projects involve: i) examining how infection with different enteric pathogens alters the type of microbes, or microbial communities, present in the human intestine; and ii) identifying genetic and environmental factors associated with STEC shedding in cattle.

    We also manage and curate the  STEC Center: A Reference Center to Facilitate The Study of Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli.  

    Also my lab is part of the NIH Center – ERIN: Enteric Disease Research Investigation Network

    Overview of STEC studies

    Our prior work in the Microbial Evolution Laboratory directed by the late Thomas Whittam has allowed us to better differentiate between STEC O157:H7 strains and identify a subset of strains that more frequently cause severe disease. Through collaborations with Dr. David Alland of the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey and Bala Swaminathan of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, we developed a subtyping method based on SNPs that provides greater resolution of closely related genotypes. An examination of SNP variation at 96 loci in 83 polymorphic O157 genes was applied to 538 human-derived O157:H7 strains from outbreaks, clusters, and sporadic cases worldwide. Pairwise comparisons identified 39 SNP genotypes (SGs) that differ on average at ~20% of SNP loci and were organized into 9 lineages, or clades.

    Notably, the subsequent epidemiological analysis identified differences between clades in the frequency and distribution of Shiga toxin (Stx) genes and in the type of clinical disease reported. Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) cases in Michigan were significantly more likely to be infected with strains belonging to clade 8, a lineage that increased in frequency of recovery between 2001 and 2006. Genome sequencing of the 2006 spinach outbreak strain, a member of clade 8 that contributed to remarkably high rates of hospitalization (51%) and HUS (15%) (44), has substantial genomic differences relative to other sequenced O157 genomes (in clades 1 and 3). Some differences were related to stx genotype, as the outbreak strain contained both stx2c and stx2, though significant SNP differences also were identified in conserved backbone genes, or open reading frames of housekeeping genes. Additionally, we observed that clade 8 versus clade 2 strains had an enhanced ability to adhere to bovine mammary epithelial cells, and also had higher expression levels of important O157 virulence genes via transcriptome analysis. Similar findings were obtained when comparing the spinach outbreak strain (clade 8) with the Sakai outbreak strain (clade 1). While it is possible that an emergent subpopulation of clade 8 has acquired critical factors that contribute to more severe disease, the basis for its emergence is not known.


    • "Superbugs: MSU molecular biologist on drug-resistant bacteria" click here

    Relevant publications

    • Al Safadi, R., G.S. Abu-Ali, R.E. Sloup, J.T. Rudrik, C.M. Waters, K.A Eaton, and S.D. Manning. 2012. Correlation between in vivo biofilm formation and virulence gene expression in Escherichia coli O104:H4. PLoS One. 2012;7(7): e41628.
    • Abu-Ali, G., L. M. Ouellette, S. Henderson, D. W. Lacher, J. T. Riordan, T. S. Whittam, and S. D. Manning. 2010. Increased adherence and expression of virulence genes in a lineage of Escherichia coli O157:H7 commonly associated with human infections. PLoS One 5:e10167.
    • Abu-Ali, G. S., L. M. Ouellette, S. T. Henderson, T. S. Whittam, and S. D. Manning. 2010. Differences in adherence and virulence gene expression between two outbreak strains of enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157: H7. Microbiology 156:408-19. Pubmed.
    • Vanaja, S. K., A. C. Springman, T. E. Besser, T. S. Whittam, and S. D. Manning. 2010. Differential expression of virulence and stress fitness genes between Escherichia coli O157:H7 strains with clinical or bovine-biased genotypes. Appl Environ Microbiol 76:60-8. Pubmed
    • Manning, S. D., A. S. Motiwala, A. C. Springman, W. Qi, D. W. Lacher, L. M. Ouellette, J. M. Mladonicky, P. Somsel, J. T. Rudrik, S. E. Dietrich, W. Zhang, B. Swaminathan, D. Alland, and T. S. Whittam. 2008. Variation in virulence among clades of Escherichia coli O157:H7 associated with disease outbreaks. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:4868-73.
    • Manning, S. D., R. T. Madera, W. Schneider, S. E. Dietrich, W. Khalife, W. Brown, T. S. Whittam, P. Somsel, and J. T. Rudrik. 2007. Surveillance for Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli, Michigan, 2001-2005. Emerg Infect Dis 13:318-21.

    Publications by Shannon Manning, MPH, PhD

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